[Progress in the epidemiological studies on coal mine dust exposure with workers' health damage]

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2022 Jun 20;40(6):476-480. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20210918-00468.
[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

Coal is one of the major fuels, which brings huge energy and economic benefits to global industry and daily life. large amounts of coal dust produced in the process of coal mining and transportation, which seriously threatens the health of related workers. Productive coal dust exposure not only directly leads to respiratory diseases, but also may cause health damage to various systems throughout the body. Numerous studies have shown that coal dust exposure is closely associated with decreased lung function, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and cardiovascular diseases, and the severity of diseases is affected by coal rank, coal dust concentration, cumulative dust exposure, coal dust composition, and individual lifestyle, etc. The article comprehensively summarized the progress of the epidemiological studies on the health hazards of coal miners from coal dust exposure, in order to provide clues for further researches on health damage and protect the health of the occupational population.

煤作为主要能源之一,为全球工业和生活带来了巨大的能源和经济效益。在煤矿开采和运输过程中产生大量的煤矿粉尘,严重威胁相关作业劳动者的健康。生产性煤矿粉尘接触不仅直接导致呼吸系统疾病,还可能引起全身各个系统的健康损害。大量研究认为煤矿粉尘接触与肺功能下降、煤工尘肺、慢性阻塞性肺疾病、肺癌以及心血管疾病等密切相关,且疾病的严重程度受煤阶、接尘浓度、累积接尘量、煤矿粉尘组分以及个体的生活方式等的影响。本文就煤矿粉尘对工人健康损害的流行病学研究及进展进行综述,为推进煤尘的健康损害研究和保障职业人群健康服务。.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD; Coal worker's pneumoconiosis, CWP; Dust; Epidemiology; Health damage; Lung carcinoma.

MeSH terms

  • Coal / adverse effects
  • Coal Mining*
  • Dust / analysis
  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Humans
  • Occupational Exposure* / adverse effects

Substances

  • Coal
  • Dust