Management of Unicoronal and Metopic Synostoses: Minimally Invasive Approaches

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2022 Aug;34(3):381-394. doi: 10.1016/j.coms.2022.02.002. Epub 2022 Jul 2.


Early endoscopic-assisted correction of unicoronal and metopic synostosis is an excellent, safe, cost-effective, and highly effective option for affected patients. Although open calvarial remodeling has a place in the armamentarium of the craniofacial team, the skull base changes seen in endoscopic-assisted techniques are unparalleled. The procedures are associated with low morbidity and no mortality. There is minimal blood loss, decreased operating time, significantly reduced blood transfusion rates, decreased hospitalization length, decreased cost, and less pain and swelling. Early diagnosis and referral for surgical evaluation are critical to obtaining these results.

Keywords: Coronal; Craniosynostosis; Endoscopic; Metopic; Minimally invasive; Trigonocephaly; Unicoronal.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Transfusion
  • Craniosynostoses* / surgery
  • Endoscopy / methods
  • Humans
  • Infant