Effects of chronic cannabidiol in a mouse model of naturally occurring neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, and spontaneous seizures

Sci Rep. 2022 Jul 4;12(1):11286. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-15134-5.

Abstract

Cannabidiol (CBD) has gained attention as a therapeutic agent and is purported to have immunomodulatory, neuroprotective, and anti-seizure effects. Here, we determined the effects of chronic CBD administration in a mouse model of CLN1 disease (Cln1-/-) that simultaneously exhibits neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, and spontaneous seizures. Proteomic analysis showed that putative CBD receptors are expressed at similar levels in the brains of Cln1-/- mice compared to normal animals. Cln1-/- mice received an oral dose (100 mg/kg/day) of CBD for six months and were evaluated for changes in pathological markers of disease and seizures. Chronic cannabidiol administration was well-tolerated, high levels of CBD were detected in the brain, and markers of astrocytosis and microgliosis were reduced. However, CBD had no apparent effect on seizure frequency or neuron survival. These data are consistent with CBD having immunomodulatory effects. It is possible that a higher dose of CBD could also reduce neurodegeneration and seizure frequency.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cannabidiol* / pharmacology
  • Cannabidiol* / therapeutic use
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Graft vs Host Disease* / drug therapy
  • Mice
  • Neuroinflammatory Diseases
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses
  • Proteomics

Substances

  • Cannabidiol

Supplementary concepts

  • Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Neuronal, 1