Behavioral Interventions After Bariatric Surgery

Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 2022;20(3):366-375. doi: 10.1007/s11938-022-00388-9. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Abstract

Purpose of review: Bariatric surgery is the most effective and durable treatment for severe obesity. Postoperative behavioral weight management approaches are available for optimizing weight change for both short- and long-term outcomes.

Recent findings: Varying settings such as groups and telemedicine along with techniques such as cognitive behavioral therapy have been assessed in the post-bariatric surgery population. The assessment and application of these programs have been limited due to methodological, financial, and attrition-related constraints.

Summary: This review aims to summarize the current evidence for different postoperative behavioral interventions on postoperative outcomes, specifically highlighting weight loss. Future opportunities for study include mechanisms for overcoming some of the barriers to implementing these programs in clinical, non-research settings.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Behavioral weight loss; Long-term.

Publication types

  • Review