The anticonvulsant effect of chronic treatment with topiramate after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus is accompanied by a suppression of comorbid behavioral impairments and robust neuroprotection in limbic regions in rats

Epilepsy Behav. 2022 Sep:134:108802. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2022.108802. Epub 2022 Jul 2.


Epilepsy is a widespread neurological disorder frequently associated with a lot of comorbidities. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the antiseizure medication topiramate (TPM) on spontaneous motor seizures, the pathogenesis of comorbid mood and cognitive impairments, hippocampal neuronal loss, and oxidative stress and inflammation in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Vehicle/TPM treatment (80 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered 3 h after the pilocarpine (pilo)-induced status epilepticus (SE) and continued for up to 12 weeks in Wistar rats. The chronic TPM treatment caused side effects in naïve rats, including memory disturbance, anxiety, and depressive-like responses. However, the anticonvulsant effect of this drug, administered during epileptogenesis, was accompanied by beneficial activity against comorbid behavioral impairments. The drug treatment suppressed the SE-induced neuronal damage in limbic structures, including the dorsal (CA1 and CA2 subfield), the ventral (CA1, CA2 and CA3) hippocampus, the basolateral amygdala, and the piriform cortex, while was ineffective against the surge in the oxidative stress and inflammation. Our results suggest that neuroprotection is an essential mechanism of TPM against spontaneous generalized seizures and concomitant emotional and cognitive impairments.

Keywords: Cognition; Hippocampus; Inflammation; Neuronal loss; Oxidative stress; Pilocarpine; Topiramate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe*
  • Hippocampus
  • Inflammation
  • Neuroprotection
  • Pilocarpine
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Seizures
  • Status Epilepticus*
  • Topiramate


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Pilocarpine
  • Topiramate