Orofacial intramuscular lymphoma: first presentation

Ear Nose Throat J. 2022 Jul 6;1455613221101940. doi: 10.1177/01455613221101940. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The term lymphoma includes a wide variety of different clinical entities including diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). Skeletal muscle or intramuscular lymphomas represent less than 2% of B-cell Lymphoma, they are quite rare, even more in the orofacial area. We present the case of a painless growing mass of the right cheek mimicking a chronic oral cellulitis in a 34-year-old man. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the mandible revealed a well-defined 7x3cm mass around the core of the mandible that invades the buccal floor and the subcutaneous planes. A whole-body 18F-FDG PET/CT for the initial diagnosis revealed an intensely isolated hypermetabolic band corresponding to a voluminous tumoral permeation. The diagnosis of a skeletal muscle diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was established after an intraoral biopsy. It was treated with 4 chemotherapy cures and showed complete remission at one year of follow-up. This atypical form of lymphoma should be integrated into the differential diagnosis of soft tissue tumors in the oral cavity.

Keywords: B-cell lymphoma; PET-scan,; chemotherapy; lymphoma; magnetic resonance imaging; skeletal muscle.