Acute toxicity of aristolochic acid in rodents

Arch Toxicol. 1987 Feb;59(5):328-31. doi: 10.1007/BF00295084.

Abstract

The acute toxic effects of aristolochic acid (AA) were tested in rats and mice of both sexes. Oral or intravenous administration in high doses was followed by death from acute renal failure within 15 days. Histologically, the predominant features were severe necrosis affecting the renal tubules, atrophy of the lymphatic organs and large areas of superficial ulceration in the forestomach, followed by hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis of the squamous epithelium. The LD50 ranged from 56 to 203 mg/kg orally or 38 to 83 mg/kg intravenously, depending on species and sex.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents / toxicity*
  • Aristolochic Acids*
  • Digestive System / pathology
  • Female
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Intubation, Gastrointestinal
  • Kidney Tubules / pathology
  • Lethal Dose 50
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Phenanthrenes / administration & dosage
  • Phenanthrenes / toxicity*
  • Rats
  • Thymus Gland / pathology

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Aristolochic Acids
  • Phenanthrenes
  • aristolochic acid I