Xanthones and Xanthone O-β-D-Glucosides from the Roots of Polygala azizsancarii Dönmez

Chem Biodivers. 2022 Aug;19(8):e202200499. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.202200499. Epub 2022 Jul 21.


Nine xanthone derivatives (1-9) were isolated from the roots of Polygala azizsancarii, which is a narrow endemic species for the flora of Türkiye. Based on all of the evidence, the structures of 1-9 were established as two previously undescribed xanthone O-glucosides, 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-1,6-dihydroxy-2,5,7-trimethoxyxanthone (1), 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-1,6-dihydroxy-2,7-dimethoxyxanthone (2), and seven previously described xanthones, 1,3,6-trihydroxy-2,5,7-trimethoxyxanthone (3), 1,3,6-trihydroxy-2,7-dimethoxyxanthone (4), 1,2,3,4,7-pentamethoxyxanthone (5), 1,3-dihydroxy-2,5,6,7-tetramethoxyxanthone (6), 1,3-dihydroxy-4,7-dimethoxyxanthone (7), 1,7-dihydroxy-3-methoxyxanthone (8), and 1,7-dihydroxy-2,3-methylenedioxyxanthone (9). The structures of the compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D-NMR (1 H-NMR, 13 C-NMR, DEPT-135), 2D-NMR (COSY, NOESY, HSQC, HMBC, INADEQUATE), and HR-MS. The solid-state structures of 1-4, including the absolute configurations of the stereogenic carbons of the sugar moiety in 1 and 2, were established by X-ray crystal-structure analyses. For the newly described compounds, the trivial names sancarosides A (1) and B (2) are proposed.

Keywords: Polygala azizsancarii; Polygalaceae; crystal structure; sancarosides A and B; xanthones.

MeSH terms

  • Glucosides
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Structure
  • Plant Roots / chemistry
  • Polygala*
  • Xanthones* / chemistry


  • Glucosides
  • Xanthones
  • xanthone