Human Molt3 cDNA library was constructed using pcD vector system which permits the expression of cDNA inserts in mammalian cells. Nearly full-length human terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase (TdT) cDNA was cloned using a fragment of bovine TdT cDNA as a probe. The human TdT cDNA contains an open reading frame of 1,557 bp coding for 519 amino acids, including 31 bp and 341 bp from 5' and 3' untranslated regions, respectively. The TdT cDNA was transfected into COS7 monkey fibroblasts directed the synthesis of enzymatically active protein of Mr 59,495. The cloned TdT cDNA hybridized with poly A+ RNAs of 2,100 b and 3,300 b from stable T-cell leukemia Molt3 and Molt4 cells.