Binding of Intracellular Myeloperoxidase to αV/β1 Integrin Serves as a Mechanism of Survival in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Reprod Sci. 2023 Jan;30(1):291-300. doi: 10.1007/s43032-022-01025-7. Epub 2022 Jul 7.


We were the first to report that epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells and tissues express myeloperoxidase (MPO) that is known to play a role in immune surveillance and inflammation by myeloid cells. Additionally, we reported that MPO is colocalized with inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), a key pro-oxidant enzyme, and plays a key role in regulating apoptosis in EOC cells. Whereas myeloid cells express MPO in a dimeric form, intriguingly, here we report the unique expression of only the monomeric form of MPO in EOC cells, tissues, and blood of an ovarian cancer patient. Additionally, we have identified a cell membrane receptor, αV/β1 integrin, that is uniquely expressed by both chemosensitive and chemoresistant EOC cells with significantly higher expression in chemoresistant EOC cells. More importantly, we have demonstrated that monoclonal antibodies against αV/β1 integrin induced cytotoxicity in EOC cells, but not in normal cells, that is also synergistic with conventional chemotherapies. Cytotoxicity of αV/β1 antibodies is due to conformational changes in αV/β1 integrin which prevents monomeric MPO binding to αV/β1 integrin inhibiting the activation of MPO, leading to increased apoptosis. Since normal epithelial cells and macrophages lack monomeric MPO and αV/β1 integrin system, targeting this unique MPO-dependent survival mechanism will selectively eliminate EOC cells and will be the target for developing specific ovarian cancer therapies.

Keywords: Apoptosis; Cytotoxicity; Mechanism; Synergy; Targeted therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ovarian Neoplasms* / metabolism
  • Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Receptors, Vitronectin* / metabolism


  • Peroxidase
  • integrin alphavbeta1
  • Receptors, Vitronectin