Efficacy and Safety of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Monotherapy for Men With Hypogonadal Symptoms and Normal Testosterone

Cureus. 2022 May 31;14(5):e25543. doi: 10.7759/cureus.25543. eCollection 2022 May.


Background Male hypogonadism has a prevalence of about 6% and is defined by two-morning testosterone levels below 300 ng/dl associated with symptoms. This definition presents a challenging problem for patients without other medical problems but with symptoms of low testosterone (T) who do not meet the biochemical criteria for therapy. Objectives Our objective was to evaluate changes in symptoms and side effects in men with T levels >300ng/dL using human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) monotherapy for the treatment of hypogonadal symptoms. Methods After IRB approval, 31 male patients treated with hCG monotherapy for low T symptoms were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated changes in hormones, hypogonadal symptoms, and the incidence of thromboembolic events before and after starting hCG. Results We found subjective improvement in erectile dysfunction, 86% (19/22), and libido, 80% (20/25), with no patient experiencing a thromboembolic event. In addition, no change was observed in the follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, hematocrit, hemoglobin A1c, and prostate-specific antigen. Conclusion Weekly treatment with hCG appears safe and can improve hypogonadal symptoms in patients with T >300 ng/dl without changes to hematocrit, prostate-specific antigen, and hemoglobin A1c.

Keywords: eugonadism; human chorionic gonadotropin; hypogonadism; testosterone deficiency; testosterone therapy.