A Room-Temperature Ferroelectric Resonant Tunneling Diode

Adv Mater. 2022 Sep;34(35):e2205359. doi: 10.1002/adma.202205359. Epub 2022 Aug 2.


Resonant tunneling is a quantum-mechanical effect in which electron transport is controlled by the discrete energy levels within a quantum-well (QW) structure. A ferroelectric resonant tunneling diode (RTD) exploits the switchable electric polarization state of the QW barrier to tune the device resistance. Here, the discovery of robust room-temperature ferroelectric-modulated resonant tunneling and negative differential resistance (NDR) behaviors in all-perovskite-oxide BaTiO3 /SrRuO3 /BaTiO3 QW structures is reported. The resonant current amplitude and voltage are tunable by the switchable polarization of the BaTiO3 ferroelectric with the NDR ratio modulated by ≈3 orders of magnitude and an OFF/ON resistance ratio exceeding a factor of 2 × 104 . The observed NDR effect is explained an energy bandgap between Ru-t2g and Ru-eg orbitals driven by electron-electron correlations, as follows from density functional theory calculations. This study paves the way for ferroelectric-based quantum-tunneling devices in future oxide electronics.

Keywords: ferroelectrics; negative differential resistance; quantum-well structures; resonant tunneling diodes.