Objectives: Aduhelm is the first approved disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for Alzheimer disease (AD). Nevertheless, under current payment models, AD DMTs-especially because they treat broader populations-will pose challenges to patient access since costs may accrue sooner than benefits do. New payment approaches may be needed to address this difference in timing.
Methods: We use the Future Elderly Model that draws on nationally representative data sets such as the Health and Retirement Study to estimate the potential benefits because of hypothetical AD DMTs in 4 stylized treatment scenarios for patients with mild cognitive impairment or mild AD, and develop a payment model to estimate the accrual of net costs and benefits to private and public payers.
Results: The modeled AD DMTs result in clinical benefit of 0.30 to 0.55 quality-adjusted life-years gained per patient in the baseline treatment scenario and 0.13 to 0.24 quality-adjusted life-years gained per patient in the least optimistic scenario. Private payers may observe a net loss in patients at the age of 61 to 65 years under the status quo (payment upon treatment). Constant and deferred installment payment models resolve this issue.
Conclusions: Innovative payment solutions, such as installment payments, may be required to address misaligned incentives that AD DMTs may create among patients younger than the age of 65 years and may help address concerns about the timing and magnitude of costs and benefits accrued to private payers.
Keywords: disease-modifying therapies; payment; prescription drugs.
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