Applying a User Centred Design Approach to Optimise a Workplace Initiative for Wide-Scale Implementation

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 1;19(13):8096. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19138096.


Translation of an effective research intervention into a program able to be implemented in practice typically requires adaptations to ensure the outcomes can be achieved within the applied setting. User centred design (UCD) methodologies can support these iterative adaptations, with this approach being particularly well suited to peer-led interventions, due to a focus on usability. We describe and reflect on the UCD approach that was applied to optimise an online, peer-led workplace health promotion initiative (BeUpstanding: ACTRN12617000682347) to be suitable for wide-scale implementation and evaluation. Optimisation was aligned against the indicators of the RE-AIM (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, maintenance) framework, with UCD methodologies (discovery interviews, persona and scenario mapping, facilitated workshops, surveys and prototyping) employed to enhance the program according to all RE-AIM dimensions. The core team (content experts, implementation scientist, interaction designer, software developer, business developer) worked closely with policy and practice partners and end users (workplace champions, management and staff) to iteratively develop and test across the RE-AIM indicators. This description and reflection of the process of applying UCD and the RE-AIM framework to the optimisation of BeUpstanding is intended to provide guidance for other behaviour change research adaptations into practice.

Keywords: RE-AIM; behaviour change; champion; health promotion; implementation; peer-led; sedentary; user centred design; workplace.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Humans
  • Occupational Health*
  • Peer Group
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace*

Grant support

The BeUpstanding program was supported by funding from the Queensland Government “Healthier. Happier. Workplaces” program, Safe Work Australia, Comcare, and the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia through a Partnership Project Grant (#1149936) conducted in partnership with Comcare, Safe Work Australia, the Queensland Office of Industrial Relations, VicHealth, and Healthier Workplace WA. GNH was supported by an MRFF-NHMRC Emerging Leadership Investigator Grant (#1193815). NHMRC had no role in the study in terms of the design, data collection, management, analysis and interpretation.