Modelling Strategies for Reinforced Concrete Elements under Corrosion Degradation

Materials (Basel). 2022 Jun 30;15(13):4601. doi: 10.3390/ma15134601.


Aging and corrosion of reinforced concrete structures (RCS) is becoming a global problem, thus proper procedures for simulating the structural performance of corroded RCS should be assessed. Among the main corrosion effects, concrete cover cracking and reinforcement cross-section reduction may influence the materials' constitutive laws, moreover the confinement contribution and the lateral instability of the longitudinal rebars can be modified. In the present paper, the predictive models available in the scientific literature to assess the materials' mechanical properties of corroded RCS are recalled and employed into a novel model to derive the theoretical moment-curvature relationships for the cross-section of square and rectangular corroded reinforced concrete elements. The model accounts for cover spalling, buckling of longitudinal reinforcing bars, reduction in confinement pressures, reduction in concrete constitutive law due to the concrete cracking induced by rust formation and decay of mechanical properties for corroded reinforcements. The obtained results are compared with the classical simplified models for corroded RCS, highlighting that buckling and confinement variations cannot be disregarded into a reliable modelling strategy, especially when local ductility plays a key role in the performed investigations.

Keywords: corrosion; load-carrying capacity; local ductility; modelling strategies; reinforced concrete.

Grant support

This research received no external funding.