Pancreatic juice outflow in pancreatojejunostomy monitoring with the inter-anastomosis drainage tube; a retrospective observational study

BMC Surg. 2022 Jul 14;22(1):274. doi: 10.1186/s12893-022-01669-x.


Background: Pancreatic fistula remains the biggest problem in pancreatic surgery. We have previously reported a new pancreatojejunostomy method using an inter-anastomosis drainage (IAD) suction tube with Blumgart anastomosis for drainage of the pancreatic juice leaking from the branched pancreatic ducts. This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of our novel method, in pancreatojejunostomy and investigate the nature of the inter-anastomosis space between jejunal wall and pancreas parenchyma.

Methods: This retrospectively study consist of 282 pancreatoduodenectomy cases, including 86 reconstructions via the Blumgart method plus IAD (B + IAD group) and 196 cases reconstructed using the Blumgart method alone (B group). Postoperative outcomes and the amylase value and the volume of the drainage fluids were compared between the two groups. The IAD tube was placed to collect amylase-rich fluid from the inter-anastomosis space during operative procedure between the jejunal wall and pancreatic stump.

Results: The daily IAD drainage volume and the amylase level was significantly higher in patients with a soft pancreas (vs hard pancreas; 16.5 vs. 10.0 mL/day, p = 0.012; 90,900 vs. 1634 IU/L, p < 0.001, respectively). The mean amylase value of IAD collection in 86 cases of B + IAD group was 63,100 IU/L. The incidence of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula grade B and C (23.2% vs. 23.0%, p = 0.55) and the hospital stay was similar between the groups (median 17 vs. 18 days, p = 0.55). In 176 patients with soft pancreas, the incidence of pancreatic fistula grade B and C (33.3% vs. 35.3%, p = 0.67) and the hospital stay was also similar between the groups (median 22.5 vs. 21 days, p = 0.81).

Conclusions: Positive effect of the IAD method observed in the pilot cases was not reproduced in the current study. IAD tube objectively demonstrated the existence of amylase-rich discharge at the anastomosis site, and countermeasures to eliminate this liquid are highly desired for preventing pancreatic fistula, especially in patients with soft pancreatic texture. Trial registration Retrospectively registered.

Keywords: Blumgart; Drainage; Pancreatic Fistula; Pancreatoduodenectomy; Pancreatojejunostomy.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Amylases
  • Anastomosis, Surgical / methods
  • Drainage / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Pancreatic Fistula* / epidemiology
  • Pancreatic Fistula* / etiology
  • Pancreatic Fistula* / prevention & control
  • Pancreatic Juice
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods
  • Pancreaticojejunostomy* / methods
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control


  • Amylases