Prognostic significance of steroid hormone receptors and histopathological characterization of human breast cancer

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1987;113(3):285-90. doi: 10.1007/BF00396387.


Since breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, evaluation of prognosis is an obvious problem. The prognostic significance of several pathological criteria including tumor grading according to WHO, steroid hormone receptor status, histological tumor type, tumor size, and axillary lymph node involvement have been investigated. The single parameters with the strongest prognostic significance were axillary lymph node status, tumor grading, and estrogen receptor status. A significant direct correlation exists between tumor grading and steroid hormone receptors, but nevertheless on stratified analysis both factors independently affected the risk of death. Tumor size had weak prognostic importance and histological tumor types failed to show any statistically significant differences with regard to survival.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / analysis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Receptors, Estrogen / analysis*
  • Receptors, Progesterone / analysis*


  • Receptors, Estrogen
  • Receptors, Progesterone