The purpose of the StaPlaRes project was to evaluate two innovative techniques of urea fertiliser application and to quantify greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. All GHG emissions, as well as other gaseous emissions, agronomic and environmental variables were collected for three years (2016/2017-2018/2019) at three experimental field sites in Germany. All management activities were consistently documented. Multi-variable data sets of gas fluxes (N2O and NH3), crop parameters (grain and straw yield, N content, etc.), soil characteristics (NH4-N, NO3-N, etc.), continuously recorded meteorological variables (air and soil temperatures, radiation, precipitation, etc.), management activities (sowing, harvest, soil tillage, fertilization, etc.), were documented and metadata (methods, further information about variables, etc.) described. Additionally, process-related tests were carried out using lab (N2 emissions), pot and lysimeter experiments (nitrate leaching). In total, 2.5 million records have been stored in a Microsoft Access database (StaPlaRes-DB-Thuenen). The database is freely available for (re)use by others (scientists, stakeholders, etc.) on the publication server and data repository OpenAgrar for meta-analyses, process modelling and other environmental studies.
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