Gangliosides shed by tumor cells enhance tumor formation in mice

J Clin Invest. 1987 Jun;79(6):1879-82. doi: 10.1172/JCI113031.


The role of tumor cell membrane gangliosides in tumor formation was probed using a series of cloned murine AKR lymphoma cell lines. Tumor formation was directly related to high expression and shedding of membrane gangliosides. In vivo, as little as 1 pmol of purified total gangliosides of highly tumorigenic cells, injected intradermally with poorly tumorigenic cells (which lacked and did not shed gangliosides), markedly increased the tumorigenicity of these cells in syngeneic normal mice. Thus, gangliosides shed by tumor cells are a previously unrecognized, extremely potent enhancer of tumor formation in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • AKR murine leukemia virus
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / analysis*
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Gangliosides / immunology
  • Gangliosides / isolation & purification
  • Gangliosides / toxicity*
  • Immune Tolerance
  • Lymphoma / analysis
  • Lymphoma / etiology*
  • Lymphoma / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred AKR
  • Thymoma / analysis
  • Thymoma / etiology*
  • Thymoma / immunology


  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Gangliosides