Thromboxane and prostacyclin release in adult respiratory distress syndrome

Intensive Care Med. 1987;13(3):167-74. doi: 10.1007/BF00254700.


Plasma thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha) were measured in 84 patients at risk of developing adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (44 patients following multiple trauma, 29 patients following abdominal surgery and 11 patients with acute pancreatitis). Forty-nine of these 84 patients developed an ARDS. High (greater than 140 pg/ml plasma) TXB2 values were found in 52/84 patients. The median values of TXB2 were: 360 pg/ml in multiple injured, 250 pg/ml in abdominal surgery and 410 pg/ml in acute pancreatitis patients. The median TXB2 value was 575 pg/ml in patients developing ARDS and 140 pg/ml in those without this complication: this difference was statistically significant (p less than 0.05). The median values of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha were 55 pg/ml in multiple injured, 25 pg/ml in abdominal surgery and 120 pg/ml in acute pancreatitis patients. The median 6-keto-PGF1 alpha value was 122 pg/ml in ARDS patients and 25 pg/ml in non-ARDS patients (statistically significant: p less than 0.05). High TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha values were particularly related to sepsis in abdominal surgery patients (p less than 0.05) and in multiple injured patients (p less than 0.01). No relation could be established between abnormal TXB2 or 6-keto-PGF1 alpha values and death. High TXB2 values often persisted for several days and were observed particularly at the time ARDS diagnostic criteria were fulfilled.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha / blood*
  • Abdomen / surgery
  • Adult
  • Critical Care
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / blood
  • Prognosis
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / blood*
  • Sepsis / blood
  • Shock / blood
  • Thromboxane B2 / blood*
  • Wounds and Injuries / blood


  • Thromboxane B2
  • 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha