Effects of cerebral amyloid angiopathy on the brain vasculome

Aging Cell. 2022 Aug;21(8):e13503. doi: 10.1111/acel.13503. Epub 2022 Jul 18.

Abstract

β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits in brain blood vessel walls underlie the vascular pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). Growing evidence has suggested the involvement of cerebrovascular dysfunction in the initiation and progression of cognitive impairment in AD and CAA patients. Therefore, in this study, we assessed the brain vasculome in a mouse model in order to identify cerebrovascular pathways that may be involved in AD and CAA vascular pathogenesis in the context of aging. Brain endothelial cells were isolated from young and old wild-type mice, and young and old transgenic mice expressing Swedish mutation in amyloid precursor protein and exon 9 deletion in presenilin 1 (APPswe/PSEN1dE9). Microarray profiling of these endothelial transcriptomes demonstrated that accumulation of vascular Aβ in the aging APPswe/PSEN1dE9 mouse is associated with impaired endothelial expression of neurotransmitter receptors and calcium signaling transductors, while the genes involved in cell cycle and inflammation were upregulated. These results suggest that the vascular pathology of AD and CAA may involve the disruption of neurovascular coupling, reactivation of cell cycle in quiescent endothelial cells, and enhanced inflammation. Further dissection of these endothelial mechanisms may offer opportunities to pursue therapies to ameliorate vascular dysfunction in the aging brain of AD and CAA patients.

Keywords: aging; brain vasculome; cerebral amyloid angiopathy; cerebral endothelial transcriptome.

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease* / pathology
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / metabolism
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor / genetics
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy* / genetics
  • Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy* / pathology
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic

Substances

  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor