Outcomes of Balloon Angioplasty and Stenting for Symptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerotic Stenosis at a High Volume Center

Review
In: Trends in Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventions [Internet]. Cham (CH): Springer; 2021.
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Excerpt

Purpose: This study investigated the periprocedural complication rates, long-term outcome, and restenosis of endovascular treatment for intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICS) at our hospital.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 217 patients comprising 256 endovascular treatments for high-grade symptomatic ICS. The lesion was located in the internal carotid artery in 77, the middle cerebral artery in 111, the basilar artery in 29, and the vertebral artery in 39. Patients were divided into two groups, before (early-phase group, 1999–2013) and after approval of Wingspan (late-phase group, 2014–2017).

Results: In the early-phase group (n = 163), 157 lesions were treated by balloon angioplasty and 31 (17%) by coronary stenting. In the late-phase group (n = 54), 33 lesions were treated by balloon angioplasty and 35 (52%) by Wingspan stenting. Overall technical success rates were 96% in the balloon angioplasty and 100% in stenting groups. The 30-day rate of stroke, TIA, and death were 4.8% in the early-phase group and 4.4% in the late-phase group. There was one minor stroke and two TIAs during the follow-up period in the late-phase group.

Conclusions: Endovascular treatment for symptomatic ICS in this study appeared to be safe and effective if patients are properly selected. However, future well-designed randomized trials with different techniques and modified patients selection criteria are certainly warranted.

Publication types

  • Review