Challenges in initiating a lung cancer screening program: Experiences from two VA medical centers

Semin Oncol. 2022 Jul 3:S0093-7754(22)00046-X. doi: 10.1053/j.seminoncol.2022.06.006. Online ahead of print.


Establishing a lung cancer screening (LCS) program is an important endeavor that delivers life-saving healthcare to an at-risk population. However, developing a comprehensive LCS program requires critical elements including obtaining institutional level buy-in, hiring necessary personnel, developing appropriate infrastructure and actively engaging primary care providers, subspecialty services, and radiology. The process required to connect such services to deliver an organized LCS program that reaches all eligible candidates must be individualized to each institution's needs and infrastructure. Here we provide detailed experiences from two successful LCS programs, one using a primary care provider-based service and the other using a consult-based service. In each case, we provide the pros and cons of each system. We propose that the decision to setup an ideal LCS program could include a hybrid design that combines aspects of each system.

Keywords: Implementation; Low Dose CT; Lung Cancer Screening; Veterans Health Administration.