Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an acute inflammation of the gallbladder in the absence of stones, usually occurring in elderly and critically ill patients with underlying conditions. A 29-year-old man presented to the hospital complaining of abdominal pain in the right hypochondrium with permanent fever three days after Janssen COVID-19 vaccine inoculation. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a thickened gallbladder wall without evidence of gallstone consistent of an acute acalculous cholecystitis. Blood analyses revealed thrombocytopenia, eosinophilia and liver dysfunction. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) COVID-19 test was negative. As treatment, the patient benefited of pain management, antibiotic and fluid. In the evolution, there was a regression of clinical signs with persistence of liver dysfunction. The patient was discharged ten days after hospitalization. The Janssen COVID-19 vaccine is likely to induce acute acalculous cholecystitis as adverse event following vaccination.
Keywords: Acute acalculous cholecystitis; COVID-19 vaccination; case report; liver dysfunction.
Copyright: Fabien Mukonki Kyungu et al.