Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Fixed-Dose Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Amphetamine Extended-Release Tablets in Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

J Clin Psychiatry. 2022 Jul 20;83(5):22m14438. doi: 10.4088/JCP.22m14438.


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of amphetamine extended-release tablets (AMPH ER TAB) in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Methods: In a 5-week forced-dose titration phase, subjects were randomized to either oral double-blind AMPH ER TAB 5-mg starting dose or matching placebo, once daily in the morning. Safety and efficacy assessments were completed weekly. After visit 3, subjects received 20 mg for 14 ± 3 days before visit 5. At visit 5, efficacy assessments included the administration of serial Permanent Product Measure of Performance (PERMP) tests predose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 12, 13, and 14 hours postdose. The primary efficacy endpoint was the mean PERMP Total score (PERMP-T) across postdose time points during the visit 5 serial PERMPs. Safety was monitored by adverse events (AEs) assessed at each visit, Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), vital signs, weight, physical examination, and assessment of sleep, appetite, mood, and psychotic AEs. The study was conducted from February 2019 to October 2019.

Results: Of 130 randomized subjects, 127 were in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population and 91 completed the study. The mean PERMP-T across all postdose time points at visit 5 was statistically significantly higher in the AMPH ER TAB group than in the placebo group (302.8 vs 279.6; P = .0043). Numerical differences favoring AMPH ER TAB were seen at all time points, with statistically significant improvements in the AMPH ER TAB group at 30 minutes and 1, 2, 4, 8, and 13 hours postdose, although the 10-, 12-, and 14-hour time points were not significant. Common AEs included decreased appetite, insomnia, and dry mouth. The majority of treatment-emergent AEs were mild to moderate in severity, and no serious AEs, as defined by the US Food and Drug Administration, were reported.

Conclusions: AMPH ER TAB demonstrated efficacy in treatment of symptoms of ADHD in adults, with an anticipated safety profile.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03834766.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amphetamine / adverse effects
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity* / chemically induced
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity* / drug therapy
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants* / therapeutic use
  • Delayed-Action Preparations / adverse effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Humans
  • Tablets
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Tablets
  • Amphetamine

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03834766