Intratumoral oncolytic herpes virus G47∆ for residual or recurrent glioblastoma: a phase 2 trial

Nat Med. 2022 Aug;28(8):1630-1639. doi: 10.1038/s41591-022-01897-x. Epub 2022 Jul 21.


This investigator-initiated, phase 2, single-arm trial primarily assessed the efficacy of G47∆, a triple-mutated, third-generation oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1, in 19 adult patients with residual or recurrent, supratentorial glioblastoma after radiation therapy and temozolomide (UMIN-CTR Clinical Trial Registry UMIN000015995). G47Δ was administered intratumorally and repeatedly for up to six doses. The primary endpoint of 1-yr survival rate after G47∆ initiation was 84.2% (95% confidence interval, 60.4-96.6; 16 of 19). The prespecified endpoint was met and the trial was terminated early. Regarding secondary endpoints, the median overall survival was 20.2 (16.8-23.6) months after G47∆ initiation and 28.8 (20.1-37.5) months from the initial surgery. The most common G47∆-related adverse event was fever (17 of 19) followed by vomiting, nausea, lymphocytopenia and leukopenia. On magnetic resonance imaging, enlargement of and contrast-enhancement clearing within the target lesion repeatedly occurred after each G47∆ administration, which was characteristic to this therapy. Thus, the best overall response in 2 yr was partial response in one patient and stable disease in 18 patients. Biopsies revealed increasing numbers of tumor-infiltrating CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes and persistent low numbers of Foxp3+ cells. This study showed a survival benefit and good safety profile, which led to the approval of G47∆ as the first oncolytic virus product in Japan.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Disease Progression
  • Glioblastoma* / pathology
  • Herpesvirus 1, Human* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy
  • Oncolytic Virotherapy* / methods
  • Oncolytic Viruses* / genetics

Associated data

  • UMIN-CTR/UMIN000015995