Application of Distributed Agent-based Modeling to Investigate Opioid Use Outcomes in Justice Involved Populations

IEEE Int Symp Parallel Distrib Process Workshops Phd Forum. 2021 Jun:2021:989-997. doi: 10.1109/ipdpsw52791.2021.00157. Epub 2021 Jun 24.


Criminal justice involved (CJI) individuals with a history of opioid use disorder (OUD) are at high risk of overdose and death in the weeks following release from jail. We developed the Justice-Community Circulation Model (JCCM) to investigate OUD/CJI dynamics post-release and the effects of interventions on overdose deaths. The JCCM uses a synthetic agent-based model population of approximately 150,000 unique individuals that is generated using demographic information collected from multiple Chicago-area studies and data sets. We use a high-performance computing (HPC) workflow to implement a sequential approximate Bayesian computation algorithm for calibrating the JCCM. The calibration results in the simulated joint posterior distribution of the JCCM input parameters. The calibrated model is used to investigate the effects of a naloxone intervention for a mass jail release. The simulation results show the degree to which a targeted intervention focusing on recently released jail inmates can help reduce the risk of death from opioid overdose.

Keywords: Bayesian calibration; HPC workflow; agent-based modeling; high-performance computing.