Knowledge, attitude, and practice of health professionals working in emergency units towards disaster and emergency preparedness in South Gondar Zone hospitals, Ethiopia, 2020

Pan Afr Med J. 2022 Apr 19:41:314. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2022.41.314.32359. eCollection 2022.


Introduction: catastrophe is a thoughtful community's well-being problem nowadays. Tragedies of any kind can strike at any time and have claimed many lives. Because, the emergency unit is at the frontline of disaster/emergency response system and helps as initial point to the most proper care of causalities, health professionals who are working in this area are the first caregivers, main players, and upfront role in calamity responses after pre-hospital medical services to disaster victims. The aim of this study was to assess emergency unit health professionals´ knowledge, attitude, practice, and related factors towards disasters and emergency preparedness at hospitals in the South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia, 2020.

Methods: institution-based cross-sectional study with the census method was conducted at South Gondar Zone hospitals. All health professionals working in emergency units of South Gondar Zone hospitals were taken as a sample. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. EPI-data version 4.2 and SPSS version 25 were used to enter and analyze data, respectively. The result was presented by narration, tables, and charts. Binary logistic regression was employed to determine the relations between dependent and independent variables.

Results: the majority of the respondents (58.3%) were male. Regarding their profession, 52.2% were nurses, followed by physicians, 18.5%, while the rest were others. The mean age of the respondents was 29.48 ± 6.34 years. A substantial proportion (58.9%) of the study participants didn´t know whether their hospitals had a disaster management plan or not. In general, fifty-one-point seven percent´s (51.7%) of the study participants had poor knowledge toward disaster/emergency preparedness. Concerning their attitude, 55.0% had a negative attitude toward disaster preparedness. Regarding their levels of practice, 67.5% had inadequate practice disaster/emergency preparedness. Age category and profession of the respondents had a significant effect on the knowledge and attitude of respondents at P-value 0.05.

Conclusion: more than half of the study participants had poor knowledge, negative attitudes, and inadequate practice about disaster/emergency preparedness.

Keywords: Disaster; Ethiopia; emergency.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Civil Defense* / standards
  • Civil Defense* / statistics & numerical data
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disaster Planning* / standards
  • Disaster Planning* / statistics & numerical data
  • Emergency Service, Hospital* / standards
  • Emergency Service, Hospital* / statistics & numerical data
  • Ethiopia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult