Network pharmacology analysis of molecular targets and related mechanisms of Guizhi decoction in treating of menopausal syndrome

Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Jul 22;101(29):e29453. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000029453.


Compared with hormone therapy, TCM had the advantages of overall adjustment and less side effects in the treatment of menopausal syndrome. But due to the complex pharmacodynamic composition of Guizhi decoction (GZD), the mechanism of TCM treating diseases was not clear. Network pharmacology could analyze drug action pathways through multi-pathway and multi-target, which provide a new direction for TCM mechanism research. The common targets of GZD and menopausal syndrome (MPS) were obtained by TCMSP and DisGeNET databases. And for the common targets, protein-protein interaction networks were established using the STRING database and analyzed by Gene Ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes. (Our research does not require ethical approval). One hundred forty-six active ingredients with 283 targets were obtained from GZD by network pharmacological analysis. Besides, 230 target genes were found to have interactions with MPS, 52 of which were common targets between MPS and GZD and were predicted to be potential targets for MPS treatment of GZD. GO enrichment analysis revealed that GZD could affect 51 biological processes, 15 cellular components, and 13 molecular functions. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis yielded a total of 223. The pathways that are closely related to the pathogenesis of MPS are MAPK, PI3K-Akt. In this study, the relevant targets and mechanisms of GZD in the treatment of MPS were discussed from the perspective of network pharmacological analysis, reflecting the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and multiple pathways, and it provides a good theoretical basis for the clinical application of GZD.

MeSH terms

  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal* / pharmacology
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal* / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Medicine, Chinese Traditional*
  • Menopause
  • Network Pharmacology
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases


  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • guizhi decoction