Impact analysis of heart failure across European countries: an ESC-HFA position paper

ESC Heart Fail. 2022 Oct;9(5):2767-2778. doi: 10.1002/ehf2.14076. Epub 2022 Jul 22.


Heart failure (HF) is a long-term clinical syndrome, with increasing prevalence and considerable healthcare costs that are further expected to increase dramatically. Despite significant advances in therapy and prevention, mortality and morbidity remain high and quality of life poor. Epidemiological data, that is, prevalence, incidence, mortality, and morbidity, show geographical variations across the European countries, depending on differences in aetiology, clinical characteristics, and treatment. However, data on the prevalence of the disease are scarce, as are those on quality of life. For these reasons, the ESC-HFA has developed a position paper to comprehensively assess our understanding of the burden of HF in Europe, in order to guide future policies for this syndrome. This manuscript will discuss the available epidemiological data on HF prevalence, outcomes, and human costs-in terms of quality of life-in European countries.

Keywords: Epidemiology; Heart failure; Impact; Morbidity; Mortality; Prognosis; Quality of life.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Health Care Costs
  • Heart Failure* / epidemiology
  • Heart Failure* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Quality of Life*