Anti-Ro52/TRIM21 serological subsets identify differential clinical and laboratory parameters

Clin Rheumatol. 2022 Nov;41(11):3495-3501. doi: 10.1007/s10067-022-06299-5. Epub 2022 Jul 23.


Introduction: Anti-Ro52/tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21) IgG is one of the most common autoantibodies found in systemic autoimmune diseases and is typically found in conjunction with anti-Ro60 and/or anti-La. A retrospective, cross-sectional study was undertaken to examine the clinical and laboratory features of two serological subsets: patients with anti-Ro52/TRIM21 autoantibodies in the absence of anti-Ro60 and anti-La (isolated anti-Ro52/TRIM21) and patients with anti-Ro52/TRIM21 in the presence of anti-Ro60 and/or anti-La.

Methods: Over a 12-month period, patients tested positive for anti-Ro52/TRIM21 via line immunoassay (LIA) at the Westmead Hospital (Australia) immunopathology laboratory were included. The presence of anti-Ro60 and/or anti-La via same LIA was noted. Associated laboratory and medical records were perused to extract demographic, laboratory, and clinical information.

Results: There were 346 patients within the study period, and 39.9% of the patients positive for anti-Ro52/TRIM21 lacked anti-Ro60/anti-La autoantibodies. Isolated anti-Ro52/TRIM21 patients tend to be older, have lower anti-Ro52/TRIM21 titres, have lower rheumatoid factors, and have lower proportions of neutropaenia compared to patients who were positive for anti-Ro52/TRIM21 and anti-Ro60/La. This occurred independent to diagnoses of Sjögren's syndrome or systemic lupus erythematosus. Coexisting neurological syndromes, pulmonary pathologies, and malignancies were more prevalent in the isolated anti-Ro52/TRIM21 subset.

Conclusions: Patients with isolated anti-Ro52/TRIM21 tend to have distinct and important clinical and laboratory associations. It is unclear if these patients evolve or remain a stable subset and how they originate immunologically. Longitudinal and prospective studies are required to ascertain the overall predictive and prognostic value of this stratification. Key Points • Anti-Ro52/TRIM21 is an autoantibody found in autoimmunity and non-immunological conditions. • Sixty percent of anti-Ro52/TRIM21 patients are positive for anti-Ro60. • Isolated anti-Ro52/TRIM21 has reduced anti-Ro52/TRIM21 and rheumatoid factor titres. • Isolated anti-Ro52/TRIM21 is associated with anaemia and malignancies.

Keywords: Anti-La; Anti-Ro52/TRIM21; Anti-Ro60; Autoantibodies; Autoimmunity; Line immunoassay.

MeSH terms

  • Autoantibodies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rheumatoid Factor*
  • Sjogren's Syndrome*


  • Autoantibodies
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Rheumatoid Factor