TPPU Downregulates Oxidative Stress Damage and Induces BDNF Expression in PC-12 Cells

Comput Math Methods Med. 2022 Jul 13;2022:7083022. doi: 10.1155/2022/7083022. eCollection 2022.


Objective: Ischemia-reperfusion is an ongoing clinical challenge that can lead to a series of pathological changes including oxidative stress. The inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor (sEH) by 1-(1-propanoylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]urea (TPPU) results in an anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and blood vessel growth-promoting effects. Therefore, this study focused on the protective effect of TPPU on a rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cell oxidative stress model induced by H2O2.

Methods: CCK-8 and Hoechst 33342 were used to evaluate cell apoptosis and western blot to detect the apoptotic proteins and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression.

Result: The incubation with 100 μM, 50 μM, and 25 μM TPPU significantly increased PC-12 cell viability. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) pretreatment also protected PC-12 cells from oxidative stress. In addition, TPPU reduced caspase-3 and Bax expression and induced Bcl-2 expression, and EETs exerted the same effect on caspase-3 expression as TPPU. A positive relationship was found between TPPU or EET incubation and BDNF expression.

Conclusion: These results revealed that TPPU reduced PC-12 cell oxidative stress injury induced by H2O2 and promoted BDNF expression.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor* / genetics
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor* / metabolism
  • Caspase 3 / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Epoxide Hydrolases* / genetics
  • Epoxide Hydrolases* / metabolism
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / toxicity
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Phenylurea Compounds / pharmacology
  • Phenylurea Compounds / therapeutic use
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Piperidines / therapeutic use
  • Rats


  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Piperidines
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Epoxide Hydrolases
  • Caspase 3