Long-term Surgical Outcomes in Patients of Centurion Syndrome: A Mystic Etiology of Epiphora in Young

Semin Ophthalmol. 2022 Jul 24;1-7. doi: 10.1080/08820538.2022.2102931. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Aim: To describe the clinical features and long-term outcomes of the medial canthal tendon (MCT) release procedure in patients with Centurion Syndrome (CS).

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the diagnosed patients with CS from July 2013 to December 2019. CS was diagnosed clinically based on the anterior displacement of MCT, anterior dislocation of lacrimal punctum out of tear lake, prominent nasal bridge, beak sign, and synophyrs. All symptomatic patients were advised the anterior limb of MCT release with modified closure of the skin incision. The outcome measures were based on Munk's score (subjective) and the fluorescein dye disappearance test (objective). A minimum postoperative follow-up of 12 months was an inclusion criterion.

Results: We studied 22 patients (44 eyes) having a median age of 14.5 years. Anteriorly displaced MCT and lacrimal punctum were noted in 44 eyes (100%), prominent nasal bridge in 20 patients (90.9%), beak sign in 36 eyes (81.8%), and synophyrs in 17 (77.3%) patients. All 44 eyes underwent MCT release with adjunctive punctoplasty (n = 6 eyes) or lower eyelid retractor plication (n = 4 eyes). At a mean follow-up of 12.6 months, 26 eyes (59.1%) showed complete response, i.e., negative FDDT and grade 0 Munk score. Partial response was noted in 14 (31.8%) eyes, i.e., delayed FDDT and reduction of ≥2 grades on Munk score.

Conclusion: Along with the classic features of CS, beak sign and synophyrs are important diagnostic ophthalmic-facial features of CS. The transverse closure of surgical wounds may provide effective long-term benefits in the medial canthal tendon release procedure.

Keywords: Centurion syndrome; epiphora; medial canthal tendon; medial canthus; punctoplasty.