Glutathione S-transferase interactions enhance wheat resistance to powdery mildew but not wheat stripe rust

Plant Physiol. 2022 Sep 28;190(2):1418-1439. doi: 10.1093/plphys/kiac326.

Abstract

Wheat stripe rust and powdery mildew are important worldwide diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum). The wheat cultivar Xingmin318 (XM318) is resistant to both wheat stripe rust and powdery mildew, which are caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) and Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), respectively. To explore the difference between wheat defense response against Pst and Bgt, quantitative proteomic analyses of XM318 inoculated with either Pst or Bgt were performed using tandem mass tags technology. A total of 741 proteins were identified as differentially accumulated proteins (DAPs). Bioinformatics analyses indicated that some functional categories, including antioxidant activity and immune system process, exhibited obvious differences between Pst and Bgt infections. Intriguingly, only 42 DAPs responded to both Pst and Bgt infections. Twelve DAPs were randomly selected for reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis, and the mRNA expression levels of 11 were consistent with their protein expression. Furthermore, gene silencing using the virus-induced gene silencing system indicated that glutathione S-transferase (TaGSTU6) has an important role in resistance to Bgt but not to Pst. TaGSTU6 interacted with the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) domain-containing protein (TaCBSX3) in both Pst and Bgt infections. Knockdown of TaCBSX3 expression only reduced wheat resistance to Bgt infection. Overexpression of TaGSTU6 and TaCBSX3 in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) promoted plant resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. Tomato DC3000. Our results indicate that TaGSTU6 interaction with TaCBSX3 only confers wheat resistance to Bgt, suggesting that wheat has different response mechanisms to Pst and Bgt stress.

MeSH terms

  • Acrylates
  • Antioxidants
  • Ascomycota
  • Basidiomycota* / physiology
  • Cystathionine beta-Synthase
  • Disease Resistance / genetics
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics
  • Plant Diseases*
  • Proteomics
  • RNA, Messenger

Substances

  • Acrylates
  • Antioxidants
  • RNA, Messenger
  • alpha,beta-diacryloxypropionic acid
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Cystathionine beta-Synthase

Supplementary concepts

  • Blumeria graminis