BMI moderates the association between adverse childhood experiences and COPD

J Psychosom Res. 2022 Sep;160:110990. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2022.110990. Epub 2022 Jul 16.

Abstract

Objectives: Cigarette smoking and obesity are leading risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although studies have established an association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and COPD, few studies have examined whether this association is moderated by cigarette smoking or body mass index (BMI). This cross-sectional study examined the association between ACEs and COPD, and whether cigarette smoking or BMI moderates this association.

Methods: Data for this study came from the 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. An analytic sample of 75,700 adults aged 18-79 years (50.7% female) were analyzed using binary logistic regression. The outcome variable investigated was self-reported physician-diagnosed COPD, and the main explanatory variable was ACEs.

Results: Of the 75,700 respondents examined, 8.1% had COPD. About one in three (33.6%) respondents had no ACEs, 23.1% had one ACE, and about one in five (20.2%) had four or more ACEs. In the multivariable binary logistic regression, we found that the association between ACEs and COPD differs by BMI status. Controlling for the effects of other factors, the association between ACEs and COPD is strongest for respondents who are obese (AOR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.04-1.91).

Conclusions: The findings of this study demonstrate that ACEs are associated with COPD later in adulthood, and BMI moderated this association. The findings of this study add to the number of studies demonstrating the adverse impact of ACEs on chronic health outcomes among adults.

Keywords: Adverse childhood experiences; COPD; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Obesity; Risk factors; Smoking.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Adverse Childhood Experiences*
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive* / epidemiology