National longitudinal tobacco product cessation rates among US adults from the PATH Study: 2013-2019 (waves 1-5)

Tob Control. 2024 Feb 20;33(2):186-192. doi: 10.1136/tc-2022-057323.


Objective: To report on longitudinal tobacco product cessation rates, by product type, among adults (ages 18+ years) in the USA between 2013 and 2019.

Methods: The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study was used to report on annual and biennial rates of the following three cessation behaviours across 2013-2019: (1) discontinuing tobacco product use (ie, transition from past 30-day use to no past 30-day use), (2) attempting to quit tobacco product use and (3) quitting tobacco product use among those who attempted to quit. Each cessation behaviour was evaluated separately for cigarettes, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), cigars, hookah and smokeless tobacco. Generalised estimating equations were used to evaluate linear and nonlinear trends in cessation rates across the study period.

Results: Between 2013 and 2019, rates of discontinuing cigarette smoking among adults in the USA statistically increased from 16% to 18%, though these were consistently lower than rates of discontinuing use of other tobacco products. Similarly, quit attempt rates and rates of quitting among attempters increased for cigarette smokers. However, rates of discontinuing ENDS use sharply declined across the study period, from 62% to 44%.

Conclusions: Findings show that tobacco product cessation rates have been changing in recent years in the USA alongside the changing tobacco product marketplace and regulatory environment, though rates of discontinuing cigarette smoking remain relatively low. Findings can serve as a benchmark against which future cessation rates can be compared to evaluate the impacts of future tobacco regulatory policies.

Keywords: Cessation; Electronic nicotine delivery devices; Public policy; Surveillance and monitoring.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Tobacco Products*
  • Tobacco Use Cessation*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder* / epidemiology
  • Tobacco, Smokeless*
  • United States / epidemiology