Anterior chamber retinoblastoma is a rare clinical entity. The authors have reviewed the records of 1500 patients with retinoblastoma to determine the incidence and prognostic ramifications. Of 30 patients with anterior chamber involvement, 15 were noted on initial examination and 15 during observation after therapy. Despite aggressive multimodality treatment, total response was never achieved and all eyes were eventually lost. Results of pathologic examination showed ciliary body invasion, which was held accountable for the poor response to therapy. Anterior chamber retinoblastoma is a poor prognostic sign which cannot be controlled effectively with current techniques and should be considered an indication for enucleation without delay.