Induction of Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis, and Reducing the Expression of MCM Proteins in Human Lung Carcinoma A549 Cells by Cedrol, Isolated from Juniperus chinensis

J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2022 Jul 28;32(7):918-926. doi: 10.4014/jmb.2205.05012. Epub 2022 Jul 1.


Proteins related to DNA replication have been proposed as cancer biomarkers and targets for anticancer agents. Among them, minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins, often overexpressed in various cancer cells, are recognized both as notable biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and as targets for cancer treatment. Here, we investigated the activity of cedrol, a single compound isolated from Juniperus chinensis, in reducing the expression of MCM proteins in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. Remarkably, cedrol also strongly inhibited the expression of all other MCM protein family members in A549 cells. Moreover, cedrol treatment reduced cell viability in A549 cells, accompanied by cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, and enhanced apoptosis. Taken together, this study broadens our understanding of how cedrol executes its anticancer activity while demonstrating that cedrol has potential application in the treatment of human lung cancer as an inhibitor of MCM proteins.

Keywords: Apoptosis; Juniperus chinensis; cedrol; cell cycle arrest; lung carcinoma A549; minichromosome maintenance proteins.

MeSH terms

  • A549 Cells
  • Apoptosis
  • Carcinoma*
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Humans
  • Juniperus* / metabolism
  • Lung / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes
  • cedrol