Background: Meningiomas are the most common primary central nervous system tumor. Previous studies have characterized recurrent genetic alterations that can predict patient prognosis and potentially provide new avenues for therapeutic intervention. Continued efforts to characterize the genomic changes in meningioma samples can aid in the discovery of therapeutic targets and appropriate patient stratification.
Methods: We performed targeted genomic sequencing on 25 primary and 2 recurrent meningiomas using a 500-gene panel, including canonical meningioma drivers. We further detail the genomic profiles and relevant clinical findings in three cases of angiomatous meningiomas and two recurrent atypical meningiomas.
Results: Our approach uncovers a diverse landscape of genomic variants in meningioma samples including mutations in established meningioma-related genes NF2, AKT1, PIK3CA, and TRAF7. In addition to known meningioma drivers, we uncover variants in genes encoding other PI3K subunits, Notch/hedgehog/Wnt signaling pathway components, and chromatin regulators. We additionally identify 22 genes mutated across multiple samples. Three patients included in the study were diagnosed with angiomatous WHO grade I meningiomas, all three of which contained variants in the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway previously described to regulate tumor angiogenesis. Analysis of patient-matched primary and recurrent atypical meningiomas revealed clonal enrichment for mutations in the SWI/SNF complex subunits ARID1A and SMARCA4.
Conclusions: Targeted genomics implemented in neuro-oncology care can enhance our understanding of the genetic underpinnings of central nervous system tumors, including meningiomas. These molecular signatures may be clinically useful in dictating treatment strategies and patient follow-up.
Keywords: Atypical meningioma; Genetics; Genomics; Meningioma; Targeted therapies.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature.