Decreased Left Atrial Reservoir Strain Is Associated with Adverse Outcomes in Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

J Clin Med. 2022 Jul 15;11(14):4116. doi: 10.3390/jcm11144116.


Background: Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) places patients at high risk for adverse events. In this study, we aim to evaluate the association between left atrial function and time to adverse events such as all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalizations related to RCM. Material and Methods: In this single-center study, ninety-eight patients with a clinical diagnosis of RCM were recruited from our registry: 30 women (31%); age (mean ± standard deviation) 61 ± 13 years. These patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging from May 2007 to September 2015. Left atrial (LA) function (reservoir, contractile, and conduit strain), LA diameter and area, and left ventricular function (global longitudinal strain, ejection fraction), and volume were quantified, and the presence of late gadolinium enhancement was visually assessed. The cutoff value of the LA reservoir strain was selected based on tertile. An adjusted Cox proportional regression analysis was used to assess time to adverse outcomes with a median follow up of 49 months. Results: In our cohort, all-cause mortality was 36% (35/98). Composite events (all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalizations) occurred in 56% of patients (55/98). All-cause mortality and composite events were significantly associated with a decreased LA reservoir strain (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 0.957, p = 0.002 and aHR = 0.969, p = 0.008) using a stepwise elimination of imaging variables, demographics, and comorbidities. All-cause mortality and composite events were six and almost four times higher, respectively, in patients with the LA reservoir strain <15% (aHR = 5.971, p = 0.005, and HR = 4.252, p = 0.001) compared to patients with the LA reservoir strain >34%. Survival was significantly reduced in patients with an LA reservoir strain <15% (p = 0.008). Conclusions: The decreased LA reservoir strain is independently associated with time to adverse events in patients with RCM.

Keywords: cardiac magnetic resonance; left atrial area; left atrial reservoir strain; restrictive cardiomyopathy; survival analyses.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.