Cutinase ACut2 from Blastobotrysraffinosifermentans for the Selective Desymmetrization of the Symmetric Diester Diethyl Adipate to the Monoester Monoethyl Adipate

Microorganisms. 2022 Jun 29;10(7):1316. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms10071316.


Monoethyl adipate (MEA) is a highly valuable monoester for activating resistance mechanisms and improving protective effects in pathogen-attacked plants. The cutinase ACut2 from the non-conventional yeast Blastobotrys (Arxula) raffinosifermentans (adeninivorans) was used for its synthesis by the desymmetrization of dicarboxylic acid diester diethyl adipate (DEA). Up to 78% MEA with 19% diacid adipic acid (AA) as by-product could be synthesized by the unpurified ACut2 culture supernatant from the B. raffinosifermentans overexpression strain. By adjusting pH and enzyme concentration, the selectivity of the free ACut2 culture supernatant was increased, yielding 95% MEA with 5% AA. Selectivity of the carrier immobilized ACut2 culture supernatant was also improved by pH adjustment during immobilization, as well as carrier enzyme loading, ultimately yielding 93% MEA with an even lower AA concentration of 3-4%. Thus, optimizations enabled the selective hydrolysis of DEA into MEA with only a minor AA impurity. In the up-scaling, a maximum of 98% chemical and 87.8% isolated MEA yield were obtained by the adsorbed enzyme preparation with a space time yield of 2.6 g L-1 h-1. The high monoester yields establish the ACut2-catalyzed biosynthesis as an alternative to existing methods.

Keywords: Blastobotrys raffinosifermentans; cutinase 2 (ACut2); desymmetrization; diethyl adipate; monoethyl adipate.