Knowledge, professional attitudes, and training among health professionals regarding male contraceptive methods

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2022 Oct;27(5):397-402. doi: 10.1080/13625187.2022.2093851. Epub 2022 Jul 28.


Objectives: Health professionals are at the forefront of information and acceptability regarding contraceptive methods, however only one study evaluated their knowledge of male contraception (MC) including hormonal MC (HMC) and thermal MC (TMC). Our objective was to evaluate the knowledge, professional attitudes, and training of French practitioners regarding the management of couple contraception by male contraception (MC).

Study design: We designed a descriptive, cross-sectional, multicentre study in 2,396 French practitioners belonging to national or regional institutions involved in contraception. We solicited practitioners by e-mail to complete an anonymous questionnaire; we analysed their knowledge, professional attitudes, and training regarding the management of couple contraception by MC.

Results: The overall participation rate was 18% (427/2,396). Condoms, withdrawal, and vasectomy were known by 98%, 89%, and 76% of the population, respectively. Hormonal MC and Thermal (TMC) were known by 10% and 24% of the population, respectively. Fifty-five percent of the population never or infrequently offered MC during a couple's contraceptive request consultation. Only 14% of the population had ever participated in training on MC; 96% wanted to be better trained on MC, and 87% expressed a willingness to participate in training on the subject.

Conclusions: Health professionals involved in contraception have unsatisfactory knowledge about MC methods based on spermatogenesis inhibition and are eager to have more information about them. To advance the acceptability and dissemination of MC methods, it seems imperative to enhance research in the field and to provide health professionals with an adapted training programme.

Keywords: Contraception; knowledge; male contraception; providers; training.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Attitude
  • Condoms*
  • Contraception Behavior
  • Contraception* / methods
  • Contraceptive Agents
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male


  • Contraceptive Agents