Effect of emicizumab prophylaxis on bone and joint health markers in people with haemophilia A without factor VIII inhibitors in the HAVEN 3 study

Haemophilia. 2022 Jul 29. doi: 10.1111/hae.14642. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Introduction: Emicizumab prophylaxis significantly reduces bleeding events; however, the associated impact on bone/joint health is unknown.

Aim: To explore the effect of emicizumab prophylaxis on bone/joint health in people with haemophilia A (PwHA) without FVIII inhibitors enrolled in HAVEN 3 (NCT02847637).

Methods: Haemophilia joint health scores (HJHS; v2.1) were evaluated at baseline and Weeks 49 and 97 in PwHA receiving emicizumab (n = 134), and at baseline and Weeks 49, 73 and 97 in PwHA who switched to emicizumab after 24 weeks of no prophylaxis (n = 17). Bone and joint biomarkers were measured in 117 PwHA at baseline and at Weeks 13, 25, 49 and 73.

Results: HJHS was lower for PwHA who were previously on FVIII prophylaxis, aged <40 years or had no target joints at baseline compared with PwHA who were receiving no prophylaxis, aged ≥40 years or with target joints. Clinically significant mean (95% confidence interval) improvements from baseline of -2.13 (-3.96, -.29) in HJHS joint-specific domains were observed at Week 49 in PwHA with at least one target joint at study entry (n = 71); these changes were maintained through Week 97. Improvements in HJHS from baseline were also observed for PwHA aged 12-39 years. Biomarkers of bone resorption/formation, cartilage degradation/synthesis, and inflammation did not change significantly during emicizumab prophylaxis.

Conclusions: Clinically relevant improvements in HJHS were observed in younger PwHA and those with target joints after 48 weeks of emicizumab in HAVEN 3. Biomarkers of bone/joint health did not show significant changes during 72 weeks of emicizumab prophylaxis.

Keywords: biomarkers; bone; emicizumab; factor VIII; haemophilia A; joints; prophylaxis.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02847637