Robotic-assisted versus manual total hip arthroplasty in obese patients: a retrospective case-control study

J Orthop Surg Res. 2022 Jul 30;17(1):368. doi: 10.1186/s13018-022-03263-6.


Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of acetabular cup positioning in the obese patients when using robotic-assisted technology during total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from patients who underwent primary (THA) with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28 kg/m2 and ≥ 1 year of follow-up between January 2018 and December 2019. Their demographics, diagnosis, acetabular cup positioning, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, Harris Hip Score (HHS), and Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) at the final follow-up were recorded for analysis.

Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in height, weight, BMI, ASA score, or preoperative Harris Hip Score (HHS). Also, there was no difference in inclination angle between the two groups (R-THA: 41.29° ± 3.04°; manual THA (M-THA): 40.47° ± 5.46°; P = 0.312). However, the mean anteversion angle was greater in the R-THA group (20.71° ± 1.98° vs. 19.08° ± 4.04°; P < 0.001). Compared to M-THA, R-THA more frequently achieved an acetabular cup angle within 5° of the target (anteversion, 98.1% vs. 78.1% P = 0.001; inclination, 88.5% vs. 53.1%, P < 0.001). The R-THA group was more advantageous in restoring the hip center of rotation (COR) and leg length difference (LLD). There was no statistical difference in postoperative HHS (P = 0.404) or FJS (P = 0.497) between the two groups.

Conclusions: Compared to manual technique, robotic-assisted technique provided more precise acetabular cup positioning and better leg length restoration for obese patients. The robotic-assisted technique was more advantageous in recovering the center of rotation position and achieved a higher proportion of the acetabular cup placed in the target safety zone. Further studies are needed to confirm the clinical outcomes of surgeries in obese patients using robotic-assisted technology.

Keywords: Acetabular cup position; Obese; Robotics-assisted surgery; Total hip arthroplasty.

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / diagnostic imaging
  • Acetabulum / surgery
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / methods
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / surgery
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures*