Purpose: To determine the presence of unruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysms (RAMs) and to examine the characteristics of the detected lesions.
Methods: This retrospective observational study included the affected and contralateral eyes of 50 patients (100 eyes) with symptomatic, unilateral, ruptured RAMs who visited the Department of Ophthalmology at the Kyoto University Hospital (April 2014-April 2020) and were followed up for at least 6 months after the onset. The presence and characteristics of unruptured RAMs were examined by reviewing the findings of color fundus photography and infrared scanning laser ophthalmoscopy performed before the onset or during the follow-up period.
Results: Unruptured RAMs were detected in six of the 50 patients. Some patients had bilateral or multiple unruptured RAMs, and a total of 12 unruptured RAMs were detected in eight eyes of the six patients. Among the detected lesions, eight exhibited a longitudinal increase in their diameter during the follow-up period, whereas six exhibited ruptures.
Conclusion: Unruptured RAM is not an uncommon retinal vascular abnormality and can enlarge and progress to ruptured RAM.
Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the Opthalmic Communications Society, Inc.