Acceptability of telephone-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) practice in a resource-limited country- a cross-sectional study

BMC Emerg Med. 2022 Aug 2;22(1):139. doi: 10.1186/s12873-022-00690-w.


Background: T-CPR has been shown to increase bystander CPR rates dramatically and is associated with improved patient survival.

Objective: To evaluate the acceptability of T-CPR by the bystanders and identify baseline quality measures of T-CPR in Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2018 at the Aman foundation command and control center. Data was collected from audiotaped phone calls of patients who required assistance from the Aman ambulance and on whom the EMS telecommunicator recognized the need for CPR and provided instructions. Information was recorded using a structured questionnaire on demographics, the status of the patient, and different time variables involved in CPR performance. A One-way ANOVA was used to compare different time variables with recommended AHA guidelines. P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: There were 481 audiotaped calls in which CPR instruction was given, listened to, and recorded data. Out of which in 459(95.4%) of cases CPR was attempted Majority of the patients were males (n = 278; 57.8%) and most had witnessed cardiac arrest (n = 470; 97.7%) at home (n = 430; 89.3%). The mean time to recognize the need for CPR by an EMS telecommunicator was 4:59 ± 1:59(min), while the mean time to start CPR instruction by a bystander was 5:28 ± 2:24(min). The mean time to start chest compression was 6:04 ± 1:52(min.).

Conclusion: Our results show the high acceptability of T-CPR by bystanders. We also found considerable delays in recognizing cardiac arrest and initiation of CPR by telecommunicators. Further training of telecommunicators could reduce these delays.

Keywords: Bystander; Cardiac Arrest; Emergency; Survival; Telephone Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amantadine
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / education
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Female
  • Heart Arrest*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest* / therapy
  • Telephone


  • Amantadine