Among cancer survivors, there are numerous health benefits of exercise engagement; however, less than 15% of survivors meet current aerobic and strength physical activity guidelines. Exercise programs provided by a cancer hospital are commonly noted as a facilitator and preference to exercise engagement. The study aimed to review the evidence and describe the barriers, facilitators, preferences, and factors associated with cancer survivors' engagement in hospital-based exercise oncology programs. Electronic databases (PubMed and Scopus) were searched to identify relevant papers published before July 1, 2021. Original research papers reporting on barriers, facilitators, preferences, or factors associated with participation in hospital-based exercise oncology programs were included. A total of 300 potentially relevant articles were identified, of which 10 met eligibility criteria. Barriers to participation in hospital-based exercise oncology programs included program accessibility, treatment-related side effects, and uncertainty about exercise. Program individualization, peer support, and staff support were reported as facilitators. Survivors also expressed that they preferred flexibility in the time, location, and mode of exercise programming. Baseline quality of life, fitness, and marital status were all identified as potential factors associated with engagement in hospital-based exercise oncology programs. These findings are useful for the development and implementation of hospital-based exercise oncology programs to optimize exercise program engagement.
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