Gentianopsis metabolites and bioactivity: HPLC-PDA-ESI-tQ-MS/MS profiles, HPLC-UV quantification of Gentianopsis komarovii and Gentianopsis stricta, and choleretic potential

Nat Prod Res. 2024 Jan-Feb;38(1):158-163. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2022.2107640. Epub 2022 Aug 3.


Gentianopsis is a small gentianaceous genus with a known ethnopharmacological focus as hepatoprotectors containing two underestimated species that are scientifically unexplored: Gentianopsis komarovii (Grossh.) Toyok., which is typical of the Far East, and Gentianopsis stricta (Klotzsch) Ikonn., which is grown in Central Asia. Application of the HPLC-PDA-ESI-tQ-MS/MS technique led to the identification of 28 compounds, such as iridoid glycosides, flavones and xanthones, with loganic acid, sweroside, loganin, secologanin, isoorientin-7-O-glucoside, luteolin-7-O-gentiobioside, chrysoeriol-7-O-glucoside and acacetin-7-O-glucoside being found in the genus for the first time. The extracts of G. komarovii and G. stricta demonstrated choleretic potential, strengthening the bile flow and the total content of bile acids, bilirubin and cholesterol in the bile. The most pronounced effects were observed for luteolin-7-O-glucoside and gentiabavaroside (gentiacaulein-1-O-primveroside), establishing them as the principle choleretics of both herbs. Based on the results, G. komarovii, G. stricta and some phenolic metabolites are prospective new choleretic drugs.

Keywords: Gentianopsis komarovii (Grossh.) Toyok.; Gentianopsis stricta (Klotzsch) Ikonn.; HPLC-PDA-tQ-ESI-MS; choleretic activity; gentiabavaroside; luteolin-7-O-glucoside.

MeSH terms

  • Cholagogues and Choleretics*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods
  • Glucosides / pharmacology
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry* / methods


  • Cholagogues and Choleretics
  • Glucosides
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts