Role of CT in the Pre- and Postoperative Assessment of Conotruncal Anomalies

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging. 2022 Jun 30;4(3):e210089. doi: 10.1148/ryct.210089. eCollection 2022 Jun.


Conotruncal anomalies, also referred to as outflow tract anomalies, are congenital heart defects that result from abnormal septation of the great vessels' outflow tracts. The major conotruncal anomalies include tetralogy of Fallot, double-outlet right ventricle, transposition of the great arteries, truncus arteriosus, and interrupted aortic arch. Other defects, which are often components of the major anomalies, include pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, pulmonary valve agenesis, aortopulmonary window, and double-outlet left ventricle. CT has emerged as a robust diagnostic tool in preoperative and postoperative assessment of various congenital heart diseases, including conotruncal anomalies. The data provided with multidetector CT imaging are useful for treatment planning and follow-up monitoring after surgery or intervention. Unlike echocardiography and MRI, CT is not limited by a small acoustic window, metallic devices, and need for sedation or anesthesia. Major advances in CT equipment, including dual-source scanners, wide-detector scanners, high-efficiency detectors, higher x-ray tube power, automatic tube current modulation, and advanced three-dimensional postprocessing, provide a low-risk, high-quality alternative to diagnostic cardiac catheterization and MRI. This review explores the various conotruncal anomalies and elucidates the role of CT imaging in their pre- and postoperative assessment. Keywords: CT, CT Angiography, Stents, Pediatrics © RSNA, 2022.

Keywords: CT; CT Angiography; Pediatrics; Stents.

Publication types

  • Review