Rate of Mesh Erosion After Sacrocolpopexy With Concurrent Supracervical Compared With Total Hysterectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Sep 1;140(3):412-420. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000004901. Epub 2022 Aug 3.


Objective: To estimate the effect of concomitant supracervical hysterectomy compared with total hysterectomy during abdominal sacrocolpopexy on the rate of mesh erosion by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing literature.

Data sources: From database inception through January 2022, we explored MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, ClinicalTrials.gov , and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Studies comparing the rate of mesh erosion in women undergoing abdominal sacrocolpopexy who had concomitant supracervical hysterectomy compared with total hysterectomy were included.

Data extraction and synthesis: Two reviewers separately ascertained studies, obtained data, and gauged study quality. The rate of mesh erosion was compared, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs were estimated.

Tabulation, integration, and results: Nineteen studies with 10,572 women who underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy were identified, including 4,285 women in the supracervical group and 6,287 women in the total hysterectomy group. The overall mean postprocedure follow-up time was 30.7±15.1 months (median 12.4, range 1.5-44.2). The median (95% CI) point prevalence of mesh erosion was 0.36% (0-1.9%) in women who had supracervical hysterectomy compared with 3.8% (1.8-8.7%) in women who had total hysterectomy. The overall rate of mesh erosion in women who had supracervical hysterectomy was lower compared with women who had total hysterectomy (pooled OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.18-0.38, I 2 0%).

Conclusion: In women with symptomatic apical pelvic organ prolapse who undergo abdominal sacrocolpopexy with concomitant hysterectomy, supracervical hysterectomy is associated with a lower risk of mesh erosion compared with total hysterectomy.

Systematic review registration: PROSPERO, CRD42022301862.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04797585.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy / adverse effects
  • Hysterectomy / methods
  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse* / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Surgical Mesh* / adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT04797585